Nepal is a landlocked country situated between two emerging nations India and China.Its natural scenes of beautiful hills, waterfalls, lakes and mountains make it as part of heaven. Its geographical diversity, ancient cultural and religious mix and a long history, finally unified into a single melting pot by the Gorkhas (Gurkhas), has helped build a nation famed for its friendly, kind and welcoming people.
Geographically, Nepal has three distinct regions; Mountain Region, Hill Region and Tarai Region. Each of them have own special features. Mountain region is famous for the lots of snow covered mountains and snow lakes, glacier, snowlines etc. The famous national parks such as Sagarmatha National Park (listed in world heritage list), Makalubarun National Park, Rara National Park etc. are the treasures of mountain region where the rare and endangered flora and fauna such as red panda, snow leopard, pheasant, musk deer etc. can be seen. The existence of eight mountains out of fourteen major mountains (height above 8000) in the world makes this region of Nepal very important for all. These mountains includes the roof of the world - Mount Everest ( 8848 m., 29028 ft.), third highest mountain – Kanchanjanga (8586 m.), Lhotse (8516 m.), Makalu (8463 m.), choyu (8201 m.), Dhawalagiri (8167 m.), Manaslu (8163m.), Annapurna(8091 m.) and other thousands of mountains below the height of 8000 m.. In other hand, the hilly region contains beautiful hills covered with green forests along with the waterfalls, lakes, rivers and so on. When the music of birds and animals mixes with the sounds of rivers and jungles, anyone can feel that they are being in the heaven. The Tarai region consists series of plain and fertile lands where people use to cultivate. In addition to this, the tropical forests and other animals such as tiger, rhino, elephant, wild buffalo etc strengthens its beauty. So this region is famous for jungle safari on beautiful places such as Chitwan National Park, Bardiya National Park etc.
Nepal is rich in ethnic and cultural diversity too. From the view of origin, two different groups of people; mongolian and Aryan have the existence in Nepal. The culture and behavior of Mongolians arises from the northern side (China) and Aryans came from the Southern part (India). Many customs are inherited from both sides and have been developed after the combination of northern and southern systems. Although it is a small country by area, altogether different 125 ethnic groups reside here and 123 different languages are spoken in Nepal. So this nation is the symbol of perfect combination of different race, religion, ethnis values, cultures, languages and so on.
Five different types of climates can be found in Nepal. Nepal has the wide coverage in the geographical height i.e., starting from 59 meters from sea level to 8848 m. along with the average breadth of just 192 meters. So, almost all kinds of climates in the world can be felt inside Nepal. Meanwhile, 118 types of ecosystems can be seen in Nepal in spite of its small area. As you know, Nepal lies at the northern part of the globe. So the months December, January and February are the winter season. March, April and May are spring. In the same way, June, July & August are summer where as September; October & November fall in the autumn season. Spring & autumn season are best for the mountain excursion however we can travel some other places in all the seasons.