The Kathmandu Valley (once a lake) contains many small villages and towns. Historically, the three most important were: Patan (dating back to the 3rd C BC) Kathmandu (12th C), and Bhaktapur (9th C): the first two are now linked by urban sprawl: with the city’s population rapidly approaching four million.
Kathmandu offers a rich and diverse culture that begs to be explored. Its throbbing streets and narrow lanes are crammed with a fascinating mix of the country’s ~60 ethnic groups. The predominant religion is Hindu and countless shrines dot the city’s streets; as well as larger centres of worship. Buddhism is represented by several important centres. Kathmandu contains seven World Heritage Sites amongst its treasures. Despite the recent earthquakes, there is still much to explore: the splendour of each site and its unique atmosphere remains everywhere present.
Patan (or Lalitpur, ‘city of living art’), Kathmandu and Bhaktapur were all built around royal courts known as Durbar Squares. Each contains wonderful examples of Newari architecture, wood carving and metalwork and all are well worth exploring. We will provide five places for our Kathmandu City tour
Patan’s Durbar Square: Patan Durbar Square, located 7 killometer south of Thamel (Kathmandu) across the Bagmati River, situated on a plateau in Lalitpur district (385 sq km). This was a village, now is an old city founded by the King Veer Dev in the 3rd century. People used to tell Yupagram, Yala, Lalitpatan and Maningal, these all translate the beautiful city with art. This was the oldest town in the valley, enlisted World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 1979. There are monuments, including the temple, stupa, courtyard, stone spout and palace museum between 15th to 18th centuries. The ethnic group Newar and their tradition, festival, art and culture are interested in there.Patan Durbar Square offers to visit a beautiful palace square with temple and museum.
The Krishna Temple was built by Siddhi Narasingha Malla in 1636. This is shikhara-style temple with 21 golden pinnacles which is the main icon of the square as well as the famous stone artitecture of Nepal. There is Hanuman, man-lion Vishnu and 5 headed Ganesh statue with the Goddess Laxmi just the left side of the ticket counter in the south of the square. There are three courtyards including Mul Chowk was built by Shri Nivas Malla in 1671, Sundari Chowk was built by Siddhi Narasingh Malla in 1647 with beautiful stone spout and Manikeshav Narayan Chowk with Narayan temple were built in 1680 which was a King palace, now an interesting museum in the Hinduism and Buddhism with art and history. Patan Durbar Square offers to observe the Golden Temple (Buddhist) with pagoda-style built by King Bhaskar Verma in the12th century.
Mahabouddha Temple with Shikhara was built by Abay Raj in the 16th century which is known as thousands Buddha tempale.The city is a popular in the statue maker shop, painting, and Tibetan carpet many more.
Kathmandu Durbar Squar: The Kathmandu Durbar Square, located in 2 killometer south of Thamel. Durbar translates palace. The Durbar Square is known as Hanuman Dhoka Durbar , when King Pratap Malla established statue of the Hanuman (monkey god) at main entrance as a protector of the square in 1672. This is the UNESCO heritage site since 1979. The ancient building and temples were erected from the 12th century to 18th century during the regime of the Malla and Shah King. The royal palace, Kasthamandap, Maju Dega, hippie trails, living goddess Kumari, Shiva-Parvati Temple, alarming bell, Hanuman statue, nine-storied palace tower, Taleju Temple, palace museum and Jagannath Temple with erotic carving are interesting around the square. The Kathmandu Durbar Square offers to visit the Kumari as a living goddess of Nepal. The beautiful square has numerous temples with various architectures, ancient monuments, and excellent woodcarving on windows, door, pillar and tympanum.
Swayambhunath Stupa (‘the shrine existing by itself’: dedicated to the Mother Goddess Harati) is one of Nepal’s oldest religious sites, dating to ~500 BC and is revered by Buddhists and Hindus alike. Also known as the ‘monkey temple’ it is set on a huge circular base at the top of a forested hill in the western city. Surrounding the stupa is a variety of old (damaged) Hindu and Buddhist shrines and temples. More recently, a Tibetan monastery, museum and library were added. There are rewarding views over the whole valley. Early morning visits are less crowded.
Bouddha Nath Stupa: The magnificent Bouddha nath stupa, east of Thamel, is set in a square surrounded by fine architecture. Its huge dome rises impressively from three square plinths with a total height of 36m. It is the centre of Buddhism in Nepal and is surrounded by numerous monasteries including Kopan that trains monks and nuns from an early age; and the Shechen Institute that offers a nine year curriculum in Higher Buddhist Studies.
Pashupatinath Temple: is the most important Hindu site. It is a large complex situated on the Bagmati River, near the airport: The large complex and funeral pyres are on the western bank and can be viewed from terraced slopes of shrines within the whole complex from across the river: In Hindu Mythology, what does Shivling mean
Lord Shiva is known as Mahadev due to the instinct characteristics which he represents. The form in which Lord shiva is represented is called a Ling. Infact, Lord Shiva is the fundamental god. He is known as prajapati Shiva. There is no origin or form which can be associated with Shiva. Man needs a symbol to worship so the ling was created “Ling means symbol”. For example Vishnu’s Ling is a chakra or if someone was wearing a stethoscope you would say he was a doctor. A ling is only a symbol to identify something. This symbol that we call a Shivling has behind it a scientific explanation. So Chakra mans symb386 words
Starting Time: 09 am (Every Day)
Total Duration: 6 - 8 Hours
We've chosen Landmark Discovery Treks as they gave very good insight on what their trekking includes by email and phone. During our trekking numerous external things were linked with our wellness and enjoyment, but one of the most important ones were the staff members of the Landmark Discovery Treks Prem, Badri and Mahesh. It was great to be able to prepare for the trekking 2 days before with Prem as well as the guide he found for us for the Kathmandu Sightseeing. Once we were in Badri and Mohesh's hand we felt welcomed, helped and so it was great spending 2 weeks with them. We were very pleased with the services they have provided as they followed the itinerary that was sent to us by email, but also managed to individualise our experience by taking in consideration our wishes, preferences, abilities and dietary requirements. I would very sincerely recommend you this company as they do numerous treks and work things out in order to ensure you have a fantastic holiday and joy of fulfilment. If this is your first time to visit the Himalayas prepare yourself as it is very likely you will keep on coming back.:)